What Is Urinary Tract Infection (UTI) :
A urinary tract infection (UTI) is an infection in which bacteria travels up to your kidneys, urethra, uterus, or bladder. The majority of infections happen in the lower urinary tract, involving the urethra and the urinary bladder. Women are at greater risk of developing a UTI than men. As long as the infection doesn't spread to your kidneys, the consequences are mild.
Typically, doctors recommend antibiotics for treating UTIs. However, several home remedies can be followed to reduce the chances of getting a UTI in the first place.
Symptoms of Urinary Tract Infection (UTI) :
UTIs do not always cause signs and symptoms, but some of the common signs may include:
- A strong, continuous urge to urinate
- Burning sensation while urinating
- Foul-smelling urine
- Passing small amounts of urine frequently
- Pelvic pain in women
- Cloudy-appearing urine
- Urine that appears red, indicating the presence of blood
People often get the wrong diagnosis of UTIs and mistaken it for other conditions.
Causes of Urinary Tract Infection (UTI) :
UTIs occur when bacteria enter the urinary tract through the urethra and begin to spread in the bladder. Even though the urinary system destroys the bacteria, the defense mechanisms sometimes fail. In such cases, bacteria may invade and grow into a full-blown infection that has severe consequences.
The most common types of infection are found in women and affect the urethra and the urinary bladder.
- Cystitis: This type of UTI typically affects the bladder and is caused by Escherichia coli (E. coli) — bacteria found in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. At times, other bacteria are responsible for the infection.
- Urethritis: This type of UTI affects when GI bacteria invade the urethra from the anus. Additionally, STDs such as Chlamydia, herpes, mycoplasma, and gonorrhea can cause this infection.
- Women are prone to be infected with the bacteria because of their anatomy, particularly the urethra's short distance from the urethra to the anus and the urethral opening to the urinary bladder.
Risk Factors For Urinary Tract Infection :
UTIs are more common in women, and most of them experience at least one infection in their lifetimes. Some of the risk factors pertaining to women are as follows:
- Menopause: After menopause, the declining amounts of estrogen result in changes in the urinary tract, making women more vulnerable to contracting a UTI.
- Female Anatomy: Women have a shorter urethra than a man does, making it possible for the bacteria to reach the bladder sooner.
- Birth Control: Women who use diaphragms as a birth control measure may be at higher risk of developing a UTI.
- Blockages: Kidney stones or other blockages can trap urine in the urinary bladder, thereby increasing the chances of developing a UTI.
- Catheter Use: Individuals who use a catheter to urinate have higher chances of contracting a Urinary Tract Infection. People who are hospitalized or those suffering from neurological problems can have difficulties in urinating. Additionally, people who are paralyzed use a tube to urinate, thereby increasing the risk of UTIs.
- Surgery: A recent urinary surgery or examination of the urinary tract involving medical instruments can increase your risk of developing UTIs.
- Abnormalities in the Urinary Tract: Babies born with abnormalities in the urinary tract that don't allow urine to pass or block the urethra have an increased risk of contracting Urinary Tract Infection.
- Others: Individuals with diabetes or other diseases that affect the immune system can develop UTIs.
When treated at the right time, and correctly, lower UTIs rarely cause severe consequences. However, if it's left untreated, a Urinary Tract Infection can have serious complications.
- Increased risk in pregnant women, resulting in premature delivery or other anomalies.
- Sepsis — a dangerous complication caused by an infection — primarily if the bacteria works its way to the kidneys from the urinary tract.
Prevention For Urinary Tract Infection (UTI)
Mentioned below are some of the measures that can reduce your risk of developing a UTI:
- Drink cranberry juice.
- Empty your bladder soon after any sexual activity. Additionally, drink plenty of fluids to help flush bacteria.
- Drink enough water as it helps dilute your urine and makes sure that you flush out more often, removing bacteria from the urinary tract before an infection sets.
- Avoid using any irritating products related to hygiene, for example, deodorant sprays or powders, in the genital area that can irritate the urethra.
- Avoid using spermicidal products or diaphragms that can lead to bacterial growth.
Treatments For UTI :
The treatment for UTIs depends on the cause, that is, your doctor will determine the organism causing the infection before deciding on a treatment. The majority of cases happen because of the bacteria that can be treated with antibiotics.
The type of antibiotics used to treat a bacterial infection depends on what part of the urinary tract has the infection set in. UTIs in the lower tract can be treated with oral antibiotics, while those in the upper tract require intravenous antibiotics to be put directly into the veins. At times, bacteria may develop resistance to antibiotics, and you may have to take a treatment course to reduce the risk of antibiotic resistance. Typically, the treatment lasts for seven days.
In other cases, the causes were fungi or viruses. Viral UTIs can be treated with antivirals, while Fungal UTIs can be treated with antifungals. The most common antiviral used to treat viral UTIs is cidofovir.
UTI Ayurvedic Treatment :
Grocare’s Ayurvedic treatment for UTI made with the goodness of pure and enriched herbs such as Crataeva Rurvala, Commiphora Mukul, and Tribulus Terrestris, Vinidia® is a natural ayurvedic medicine that helps cleanse the kidneys and also stimulates it to improve their efficiency. This herbal supplement helps to treat diseases related to the kidneys, urinary tract, genitals, and bladder. Also, it is a popular medication used to treat kidney stones.
This product works best if two tablets are taken two times daily after meals, or as prescribed by the healthcare professional or as indicated in applicable disease medication. Vinidia® is used in the treatment of several health conditions, including gout, urinary discharges, kidney stones, and other kidney illnesses and urinary tract infections (UTIs).
If taken within the prescribed dosage, Vinidia® doesn't result in any known side-effects. The tablet can be ingested safely by patients with diabetes, hypertension, high blood pressure, and pregnant women. Vinidia® is not known to cause any harm or adverse effect in any of the above cases.